How do developed countries deal with packaging waste?

At present, waste packaging has accounted for 30% of domestic urban waste! In recent years, over-packaging has caused a strong resentment among the general public. The resulting large amount of packaging waste is even more of a headache.

Then, how do developed countries deal with the problem of packaging waste? Let us take a look.

In many countries in France and even in the European Union, most of the goods are printed on the green dot mark consisting of two curved arrows chasing each other. This means recycling. Any commodity, as long as the “green dot” logo is printed on the packaging, indicates that its manufacturing company has paid for the recycling of its own product waste packaging, and has participated in the so-called “commodity packaging recycling program”. However, the relevant costs are not over-collected. The real role of economic leverage is reflected in how to charge and spend.

The company bears the cost of recovery

France is a country with a high rate of commercial industrial packaging, and the ratio of packaging waste to other wastes in the average household is 9 to 1. In order to curb the excessive use of packaging materials by enterprises, France formulated the “Regulations on Packaging” in the early 1990s, which required legal producers to bear the cost of some recycling of used packaging. The basic principle of this regulation is: Whoever produces garbage will have to pay for it.

According to the regulations, the "green dot" signage fees paid by French companies are allowed to be partly included in the commodity prices and passed on to consumers. As the user fees are linked to the amount of packaging materials, and the product price is directly related to the market competitiveness of the enterprise, the manufacturers are trying to simplify the packaging and facilitate recycling, thereby reducing costs and making the products more competitive. At present, more than 90% of consumer product packaging in France is printed with "green dots."

The cost of cleaning is daunting

It is reported that at present, many companies still do not pay attention to the central air-conditioning cleaning and disinfection, on the one hand due to the lack of corporate health awareness in this regard, that "air conditioning as long as refrigeration can be good", as the air-conditioning internal garbage often invisible due to invisibility .

On the other hand, it also involves cost issues. According to a survey by the reporter, at present, there are two standards for the charges for professional air-conditioning cleaning and disinfection companies: for central air-conditioning with drawings, they are charged according to the wind pipe area; for central air-conditioning without drawings, they are charged according to the actual area of ​​air-conditioning. . It takes about RMB 1-2 million to clean central air-conditioning with a blowing area of ​​about 1,000 square meters. According to calculations, the central air-conditioning in large shopping malls and supermarkets will cost about several hundred thousand yuan for a thorough cleaning.

Some experts also believe that the lack of a mandatory regulation is the deep reason why most companies choose to “indifferently” clean and disinfect air conditioners.

"Green Point" cost special funds

How to truly achieve “special funds for exclusive use” is another focus of public concern. For this reason, like other countries in the European Union, France has established an enterprise similar to the association, the "ecological packaging" group. The “Green Point” signage fees paid by enterprises are directly authorized by the government and allocated to the group, which is specifically used for the recycling and reuse of packaging wastes and subject to government supervision.

Eric Gylon, president of “Eco Packaging” Group, said that garbage recycling is generally divided into three steps: collection, sorting, recycling and reuse. The group is mainly responsible for the latter two steps. Since it is impossible for companies to infiltrate every corner of France to collect the rubbish of their own products, the “Ecopack” group works with France’s nearly 30,000 community agencies to collect garbage through the French Association of Mayors. The recycling of household garbage is mainly the responsibility of the community service personnel, while the "ecological packaging" group uses the company's "green dot" logo to provide corresponding subsidies and technical equipment support. In general, the more waste that the community collects and categorizes, the more subsidies it receives.

Garbage volume is expected to grow "zero growth"

The above-mentioned mechanism has enabled French companies to participate in the improvement of the enthusiasm for the treatment of packaging waste pollution. In addition, the concept of environmental protection has been deeply rooted in the classification and collection of garbage in France. As a result, the recycling rate of packaging materials in this country has been continuously rising. In 2003, the packaging waste of residents was increased. The recovery rate reached 80%. In addition, garbage recycling also forms a huge industry. In 2003, 63% of waste packaging waste in France was reprocessed into primary materials such as cardboard, metal, glass and plastic. 17% of waste was converted into energy such as oil and heat. France from the production and recycling of two links, to avoid the proliferation of packaging waste, so that the future of France is expected to control the annual average total amount of garbage in a state of zero growth.

Commodity packaging can be seen everywhere in daily life. In Germany, most daily foods such as meat, eggs, milk, and fruits and vegetables in supermarkets are packaged. In a few days, the general residents’ homes, such as composite cartons, plastic boxes, beverage bottles, cans, and other waste packagings, piled up into small hills. However, unlike the domestic waste, these waste packagings are not directly put into the garbage disposal plant for burning or landfill. Instead, they are turned into waste and treasured through various processes and recycled.

Specialized agencies responsible for recycling

Germany started implementing the "Regulations on Packaging" in 1991. For the first time, the regulations made relevant provisions for the collection, reuse and utilization ratio of waste packaging.

According to this law, Germany has established a company-style management agency called the "Dual German System," which manages the recycling of packaging waste from consumers. The "dual system" is responsible for dealing with all obsolete packages printed with the "green dot" logo. However, the organization itself does not have garbage sorting and disposal equipment. Instead, it signs a contract with the packing waste sorting company, which is responsible for cleaning and sorting.

The “Dual German System” staff said that there are currently approximately 18,000 customers in the upper reaches of the organization, including beverage manufacturers, packaging manufacturers, trading companies and importers, and there are approximately 400 downstream partners responsible for waste packaging. There are many similar institutions in Germany, but the scale is much smaller. In addition, there are a small number of chain stores and other businesses themselves to resolve the recycling of product packaging.

Strict classification of domestic waste

The recycling of waste packaging products depends on cooperation in all aspects of society. For this reason, Germany has implemented a strict system for the classification of household waste. Among the discarded packaging products, paper-based packaging is put into blue trash bins that are used exclusively for discarding old newspapers and magazines; glass bottles and tins are put into different trash bins according to different colors; and light packaging materials such as aluminum, tin, and plastic are required to be put into use. Yellow trash can. Domestic garbage is thrown into a brown trash can and incinerated directly by the sanitation department. All kinds of packaging materials are generally sorted and then recycled into different industrial sectors.

Significant energy savings

Garbage classification is inseparable from public support. According to a survey conducted by the German Institute for Consumer Research, 94% of Germans believe that sorting and recycling waste is the best way to deal with it. According to a 1999 survey, 77% of Germans support waste sorting and recycling. Only 17% of people support incineration, and 4% think it should be disposed of. A survey in April of this year showed that 95% of Germans believe that waste classification can make a contribution to environmental protection.

The recycling of packaging materials is of great benefit to energy conservation and environmental protection. In 2003, Germany saved 64.1 billion joules of natural energy through recycling of waste packaging and converted it into electrical energy, equivalent to one-third of Germany’s wind power generation over the same period. In addition, recycling of Germany reduced emissions by approximately 132 million tons of greenhouse gases. According to reports, since the introduction of the regulations, the annual packaging consumption has been reduced by 1.4 million tons, which has been reduced by approximately 850,000 tons per year only through the sales packaging of individual consumers. In 2003, Germany recovered 5.99 million tons of packaging materials, 72.6 kilograms per capita.

Reprinted from: Enterprise Information Network

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